Dvaitha · MADHWA · taratamya

taratamya

TARATAMYA

DEVATA TARATAMYA

1 Vishnu – Hari Sarvottamma

2 Lakshmi – Nitya Mukta

3 a) Brahma
b) Vaayu

4 a) Saraswati
b) Bhaarathi

5 a) Garuda
b) Shesha
c) Rudra

6 Shanmahishi-s of Krishna
a) Jaambavati
b) Bhadra
c) Neela
d) Kalindi
e) Mitravinda
f) Lakshana

7 a) Sauparni (Dharmapatni of Garuda)
b) Vaaruni (Dharmapatni of Shesha)
c) Paarvati (Dharmapatni of Rudra)

8 a) Indra (Purandara)
b) Kaama/ Manmatha (Kumara/Skanda/Shanmukha)

9 Ahankaarika Praana

10 a) Svaayambhu Manu
b) Daksha Prajapati
c) Bruhaspatyacharya
d) Shachi (Dharmapatni of Indra (Purandara))
e) Rati (Dharmapathni of Kaama)
f) Aniruddha (Son of Kaama)

11 Pravaha Vaayu

12 a) Vivasvaan Surya
b) Chandra
c) Yama
d) Shataroopa (Dharmapatni of Svaayumbhu Manu)

13 Varuna

14 Devarshi Naarada

15 a) Bhrugu
b) Agni
c) Prasooti (Dharmapatni of Daksha Prajapati)

16 [a to g are Brahmaputra-s)
a) Mareechi
b) Athri
c) Angirasa
d) Pulastya
e) Pulaha
f) Kratu
g) VashishTa
h) VaivasvataManu
i) Vishwamitra

17 a) Mitra
b) Niraruti
c) Praavahi (Dharmapatni of Pravaha Vaayu)
d) Taara (Dharmapatni of Bruhaspatyacharya)

18 a) Vishvaksena
b) Ganapati
c) Ashwini Devata-s –Naasatya & Dasra
d) Kubera
e) Shesha Shatastha SOmarasapaanaarha-s
LISTED IN SOMARASAPAANAARHA SECTION

19. KARMAJA DEVATA-S (KAKSHA 19)
a. Dvaarapalaka-s b. Mareechi (Son of Vaayu) c. Paavaka (Son of Agni)
d. Jayanta (Son of Indra) e. vishvakarma f. Shata Punya Shloka Raja-s
g. RuShi-s h. Vishnu Parshada-s i. Gandharva-s j. 92 Apsara Streeya-s
k. 7 Pitru-s – saptha pitru devategalu (ganas). They are yama, soma, kavyavAhana, agniShTAta, aryama, anala, barhiShat).
l. Manu-s m. Indra-s n. Yagnya Sadhanaabhimaani Devatas
o. Archara Marga Devatas p. Dhoomaadi Maarga Devatas
q. Graha-s r. Sulekha Naamaka Chitragupta
s. Dig-abhimaani Devata-s t. Ab-abhimaani Devata-s
u. Vahana-s of Devata-s v. Maalagaara Sudhaama
w. GaNa Naamaka ChanDaka x. Kaalaakhyabhimaani

20 a) Parjanya (Megabhimani)
b) Ganga (Dharmapatni of Varuna)
c) Sangnya (Dharmapatni of Vivasvaan Surya)
d) Rohini ( Dharmaptni of Chandra)
e) Viradusha (Dharmapatni of aniruddha) – BrahmAndAbhimAnini
f) Shyamala (Dharmaptni of Yama)

21 KurmAdhi anAkhyAta Devatha-s

22 Svaaha (Dharmapatni of Agni) – ManthrAbhimAnini

23 Budha (JalAbhimAni)

24 a) Devaki
b) Yashoda
c) Usha (Dharmapatni of Ashvini Devata-s) – NAmAbhimAnini

25 a) Shanaishchara
b) Dhara

26 Pushkara (KarmAbhimAni)

27 AjAnaja Devata-s

AAJAANAJA DEVATA-S (KAKSHA 27)
Aakhyaata Aajaanaja Devata-s:
1. 92 Gandharva-s 2. Kratu
3. Sindhu 4. 908 Apsara Streeya-s (92 appeaar in Kaksha 19)
5. 16,100 Children of Agni (Born as Shri Krishna Patni-s)
Anaakhyaata Aajaanaja Devata-s:
1. Vibudha-s (100 in total)
2. Deva Bhrutya Pitru-s (100 in total)
3. Deva Bhrutya Asura-s (100 in total)
4. Deva Gaayana Gandharva-s (100 in total)
5. Deva Nrutya Apsara Streeya-s (100 in total)
6. Siddha Sanketa-s (70 in total) [Deva Karya Nirvaahaka-s]
7. Vaahana carriers YakShara-s (70 in total)
8. Shibika carriers RakShasa-s (30 in total)
9. Deva Paricharaka Chaarana-s (30 in total)
10. Sevaakarta Bhuta-s (70 in total)
11. Kinnara-s (70 in total)
12. Pishacha-s (70 in total)
13. Kubera Bhrutya Guhyaka-s (7 in total)
14. Preta-s (70 in total)
15. Vidyadhara-s (70 in total)
16. VaruNa Bhrutya Naaga-s (5 in total)
17. Shata-Una ShatakoTi RuShi-s

28 Chira Pitru-s

29 Deva Gandharva-s

30 Manushya Gandharva-s

31 Kshitipa-s (Maanusha Chakravarti-s)

32 ManushyOttama-s
a) Nara
b) Bhuchara
c) Khechara
d) Krimi
e) Truna

SOMARASA-PAANAARHA-S
There are 100 SOmarasa Paanaarha-s as detailed below:
I. Higher Kaksha than Kaksha 18 : 13
II. Kaksha 18 : 84
III. Lower Kaksha than Kaksha 18 : 3
I. Higher Kaksha than Kaksha 18 (Count of 13):
1. Urukrama (Kaksha 1 – One among Aditya-s – AvathAra of Hari)
2. Pradhana Vaayu (Kaksha 3 – One among Aditya-s – Bharati Pati – Mukhya PraNa)
3. Maha Rudra (Kaksha 5 – One among EkAdasha Rudra-s – Vaama)
4. Indra (Kaksha 8 – One among Adhitya-s – Purandara)
5. Ahankaarika PraaNa (Kaksha 9 – One among Maruth-s)
6. Bruhaspati (Kaksha 10)
7. Pravaha Vaayu (Kaksha 11 – One among Maruth-s)
8. Chandra (Kaksha 12)
9. Yama (Kaksha 12)
10. Vivasvaan (Kaksha 12 – One among Aditya-s)
11. VaruNa (Kaksha 13 – one among Aditya-s)
12. Agni (Kaksha 15 – One among Ashta Vasu-s)
13. Mitra (Kaksha 17 – one among Aditya-s)
II. Kaksha 18 (Count of 84):
a. AshTa Vasu (Count of 8 — 1 appear in other kaksha)
1. DroNa 2. Dhruva 3. Dosha 4. Arka 5. PraNa 6. Dyu
7. Vibhavasu

One Vasu ‘Agni’ appears in Uttama Kaksha – 15
b. Ekaadasha Rudra (Count of 11 — 1 appear in other Kaksha)
1. Bheema 2. Raivata 3. Oja 4. Ajaikapaat 5. Mahan
6. Bahuroopaka 7. Bhava 8. Ugra 9. Vrushaakapi 10. Ahirbudhni
One Rudra ‘Vaama –Parvati pati’ appears in Uttama Kaksha – 5

c. Dwaadasha Aditya (Count of 12 — 6 appear in other Kaksha-s)
1. Bhaga 2. Poosha 3. Savitru 4. Dhaata 5. Aaryama 6. TvasTru

Six Aditya-s appear in different Kaksha-s:
Of these 5 Aditya-s appear in Uttama (higher) Kaksha:
Urukrama – Kaksha 1 Indra – Kaksha 8 2. Vivasvaan – Kaksha 12
3. VaruNa – Kaksha 13 4. Mitra – Kaksha 17

One appear in Adhama Kaksha:
Parjanya – Kaksha 20
d. Maruth GaNa (Count of 49 — 2 appear in other Kaksha-s)
1. PraaNa 2. Apaana 3. Vyaana 4. Udaana 5. Samaana 6. Naaga 7. Koorma
8. Krukala 9. Devadatta 10. Dhananjaya 11. Aavaha 12. Paraavaha 13. Samvaha
14. Shamyu 15. Udvaha 16. Vivaha 17. Shanku 18. Kaala 19. Shvaasa 20. Nala
21. Anila 22. Pratibha 23. Kumuda 24. Kaanta 25. Shuchi 26. Shveta 27. Ajita
28. Guru 29. Jhunjhu 30. Samvartaka 31. Keela 32. Jita 33. Soumya 34. Kapi
35. JaDa 36. Mandooka 37. Samhruta 38. Siddha 39. Rakta 40. KrushNa
41. Pika 42. Shuka 43. Yati 44. Bheema 45. Hanu 46. Pinga 47. Kampana

Two Maruth-s ‘Ahankaarika PraaNa- Kaksha 9’ and ‘Pravaha Vaayu – Kaksha 11’
appeared in Uttama Kaksha
Note:
i. PraaNa, Apaana, Vyaana, Udaana, Samaana are Daasa PraaNa-s
ii. Bharati-pati Mukhya PraaNa has 5 rUpAs with the same 5 names and those
should not be confused with Daasa PraaNa-s.
e. Vishvedevata (Count of 10 – All appear in this Kaksha)
1. Puroorava 2. Aardava 3. Kaala 4. Kaama 5. Dhuri 6. Lochana 7. Satya
8. Vasu 9. Daksha 10. Kratu

f. Ashwini Devata (Count of 2)
1. Naasatya 2. Dasra
g. Others in this Kaksha (Count of 2)
1. Dyaava 2. Rubhu

Total Count in Kaksha 18 =

AshTa Vasu (7) + Ekaadasha Rudra (10) + Dwaadasha Aditya (6) + Maruth
GaNa (47) + Vishvedevata (10) + Ashwini Devata (2) + Others (2)
= 84
III. Lower Kaksha than Kaksha 18 (Count of 3):

In Kaksha 19:
Kavyavaaha

In Kaksha 20:
Parjanya – One among Aditya-s
5 appeared in Kakshas between 1 & 17, 6 appeared in Kaksha 18
In Kaksha 25: Pruthvi

Dwaarapalaka-s
There are 56 Dvaarapalaka-s.
7 AvaraNa-s * 8 dhvArapAlaka-s = 56 Dvaarapalaka-s
1. Jaya 2. Vijaya
Others
Shata Punya Shloka Raja-s
1. Prahlada 2. Priyavrata 3. Uttaanapaada
4. Gaya 5. Maandhaata 6. Pruthu 7. Shashibindu 8. Kaartaveerya 9. Kakutya
10. Daushyanti 11. Bharata 12. Pareekshitha 13. Janaka 14. Haihaya 15. Arshabha
16. Others
Rushi-s (Count of Shata KoTi Rushi-s – 8 appear in Uttama Kaksha & Shata-Una Shata Koti appear in Adhama Kaksha — There are 92 RuShi-s in this Kaksha)

1. Chavana 2. Uchitthya 3. Kardama 4. Kashyapa 5. Sanaka
6. Sanandana 7. Sanatsujaata
8. Others

Gandharva-s
1. HaaHaa 2. HuHu 3. DhrutaraashTra 4. Tumbura 5. Chitraratha
6. Vishvaavasu 7. Paraavasu 8. Vidyaadhara
Manu-s (Count of 14 – 3 Belong to Uttama Kaksha)
1. Svaayambhu [Kaksha 10] 2. SvaarOchiSha 3. uttama
4. taapasa [Kaksha 1 – Shri Hari] 5. Raivata 6. ChakShusha
7. Vaivasvata [Kaksha 16] 8. SaavarNi 9. DakshsaavarNi
10. BrahmasaavarNi 11. DharmasaavarNi 12. RudrasaavarNi
13. DevasaavarNi 14. IndrasaavarNi

Indra-s (Count of 14 – 7 appear in Uttama Kaksha):
1. Yagnya [Kaksha 1 – Shri Hari] 2. ROchana [Kaksha 3 – MukhyapraaNa]
3. Satyajitu [Kaksha 12 – Yama] 4. Vibhu [Kaksha 18 – Dasra (Ashvini Devata)]
5. Trishikha [Kaksha 18 – Naasatya (Ashvini Devata)] 6. Mandaradyumna [Kaksha 8 – Sachipati Indra] 7. Purandara [Kaksha 8 – Sachipati Indra]
8. Bali 9. Adbhuta 10. Shambhu 11. Vidhruta 12. Krutadhaama 13. Divaspati
14. Dhrutashuchi

Graha-s (Count of 9 – 5 appear in Uttama & Adhama Kaksha):
1. Guru [Kaksha 10 – Bruhaspatyaachaarya] 2. Soorya [Kaksha 12]
3. Chandra [Kaksha 12] 4. Raahu 5. Ketu 6. Mangala
7. Shukra 8. Budha [Kaksha 23] 9. Shani [Kaksha 25]

Vahana-s
1. Nandi 2. Hamsa 3. Others

bhAratI ramaNa mukhyaprAMtargata shrI kRuShNArpanamastu

DEVOTIONAL · Dvaitha · ekadashi · MADHWA

Ekadashi and its importance

Ekadashi is the 11th day of the moon cycle, both from the full moon and from the new moon.

Na Kaashi na Gaya Ganga na rewa cha Gowthami
Na Chaapi KauravamKshethram, thulyambhoopaHaredrinaath.

– Padma Puraanam

Padmapuraanam says that sacred rivers like Ganga, Narmada, Godavari etc. and holy places like Kashi, Gaya, Kurushetra etc., cannot equal the merit of Ekaadasi Vratha.

“Vratagallelavu ekadashi vratava hinde”

Whether one following any vrata/anushtana or not that doesnt matter, Definitely one should do fasting on ekadashi

Purandara dasara lyrics says as follows:

“Hari dinadali unda nararige
Kora naraga thappudhendhu sruthi saruthalidhe”

The lines say, one who ate on ekadashi day will definitely will go to Naraka as told by vedas

What is Dinathraya:

Ekaadasi Vratha begins with the sankalpaon the Dasami day, fasting on the Ekaadasi day and parane on Dwaadasi day. Since it is spread over three days it goes by the name Dinathraya or three-day Vratha.

All together for three days, you will be forbidden four meals. Even on Dasami and dvadasi, You are not allowed to eat meals for the dinner

Science behind Ekadashi

Meanwhile according to modern science, it is known that the air pressure on our planet varies to extreme limits on both the new moon (Amavasya) and the full moon (Purnima) day. This is because of the orbital path combination of the sun, moon and earth.

This can be observed by the change in the nature of the tidal waves on the new moon and full moon days. The waves are very high and rough, but from the next day onwards, the waves become calm, an indication that the pressure has also receded.

Now, based on this fact, the significance of Ekadashi fasting can be explained in 2 ways:

1) According to science, it takes about 3-4 days for the food that we eat today to reach our brain. Now, if we eat light/fast on Ekadashi days, that intake will reach the brain correspondingly on the New moon/full moon day.

On both of these days, the earth pressure is at its maximum, thus leading to imbalance in everything, including ones thought process.

So, if the input to the brain is at a minimum, the chances of the brain indulging in any wayward activity due to the high pressure imbalance also becomes minimum.

2) Another explanation for the Ekadashi fasting is that compared to any other day of the moon cycle, the atmospheric pressure is the lowest on the Ekadashi days. Thus, this is the best time to fast and cleanse the bowel system. If we fast on any other day, the high pressure/strain may damage our system. Thus, it is advisable that after fasting on the Ekadashi, on the immediate next day (Dwadashi), we get up early and eat as soon as possible.

As per both the above theories, the fasting practice on the Ekadashi days have a strong scientific base.

Mostly people fear that by fasting one will become weak. Such a fear is not genuine. A day’s fast gives rest to the machinery of stomach and thereby helps it to function better in the future.  Not only that the undigested food material gets proper opportunity for its further digestion, but also by fasting the digestion power increases, better assimilation of food takes place helping in more production of blood and other necessary chemicals, and thereby helping better health and better nutritional effects. It is both a good measure for would be stomach troubles and a cure for a number of ailments. It helps better functioning of the liver, pancreas, intestines and kidney etc., thereby reducing the chance of any ailment relating to these organs.

WHY EKAADASI FASTING?

  •  It is Haridina-meant for spritual activity only.
  •  Food will not be digested since the moon is not in full glory.
  •  Shrimad Acharya has prescribed fasting, so it is mandatory to us.
  •  Its observance reduces all sins to ashes.
  •  Fasting tones up our health and keeps the body and the mind trim.

Normally 24 (12 x 2) Ekaadasis occur in a calendar year. When in a year there is an Adhikamaasa(According to Vashishta philosophy Adhika Masa comes in 32months, 16days, 3hrs, and 12mins) 2 more are added.

SANKALPA MANTRAS

1. DASAMI SANKALPA

Dashamee divase Parapte Vrathastoham Janaaradan
Thridinam Devadevesha Nirvigham Kuru Keshava

– Brahmavaivartha Puraanam

Janaardana! Today being Dasami I am ready for the three day vow. Oh, Lord! Deva Deva! Keshava! see that no obstacles come in the way of my vow.

2. EKAADASI SANKALPA

Ekaadashyam Niraharaha Sthithvahani Parehyaham
Bhookshyaami Pundareeksha Saranam Me Bhavaachyutha

– Brihannaaradeeya Puraanam XXI – 15

After fasting on Ekaadasi I will eat on Dwaadasi, Please be my reguge Oh, Achyuta!
TWO DAY FASTING SANKALPA

Adyashvasheha Niraahaaro Bhootvaaham Dwaadashee Dine
Vidhaasye Paaranam Deva Preetho Bhava Ma maanisham

– Varaahapuraanam

I will be on a fast today and tomorrow and break the fast on Dwaadasi. Lord! may you be pleased!

3. DWAADASI SANKALPA

Ajnaana Thimiraandhasya Vratenaanena Keshava
Praseeda Sumukho Natha jnaanadristi Prado Bhava

– Brihannaradeeya Puraanam XXI-20

Oh Lord! Keshava! I am blinded by the darkness of ignorance. By my undertaking this fast on Ekaadasi may it please you to bless me with the light of knowledge.

Ekaadasyupavaasena Dwaadashee Paarnenacha
Yadaarjitham Mayaa Punyam Thena Preenathu Keshavah

– Brahmavaivartha Puraanam

May Lord Keshava be pleased with the merit that accured to me by fasting on Ekaadasi and breaking the fast on Dwaadasi.

Types of Ekadashi:

Month Shukla paksha Krishna paksha
Chaithra Kaamada Varoodhini
Vaishaakh Mohini Aparaa
Jyeshtha Nirjala Yogini
Aashaadha Sayana Kaamikaa
Shraavana Puthrada Ajaa
Bhaadrapada Parivarthini Indiraa
Ashwayuja Paashaankusha Ramaa
Karthika Prabodhini Uthpathi
MargaShira . MokShadaa Suphalaa
Pushya Puthrada Shattila
Maagha Jayaa Vijayaa
Phaalguna Aamalaki Paapamochanaa
Adhika Padmini Paramma

 

Dasara padagalu on Ekadashi

Source:

http://www.salagram.net/ekadasi-science-behind.html

Ekadaashi Achara and vichara by Prabhanjanacharyaru

dasara padagalu · Dvaitha · MADHWA · taratamya

Let us know Dvaitha

“Madhwa mathave mathavu sakala smurthi sammathavu”

As the line says, madhwa philosphy is the only one which is accepeted by vedas. Being a Madhwa,one should understand the principles of dvaitha philosophy.

Five fundamental, eternal and real differences are described in this system:

  •     Between the individual soul (or jīvatma) and God (Brahmatma īshvara or Vishnu).
  •     Between matter (inanimate, insentient) and God.
  •     Among individual souls (jīvatma)
  •     Between matter and jīva.
  •     Among various types of matter.

Tharathamya or hierarchy among gods:

Vishnu is the Supreme Lord and Lakshmi is His eternal consort. Brahma and Vayu occupy the same next level. Their wives (Saraswati and Bharathi respectively) occupy the next level. Garuda-Sesha-Shiva, Indra-Kamadeva, Surya-Chandra, Varuna, Agni, Ganesha-Kubera and others successively occupy the lower ranks in this hierarchy.

Madhva propounds that life in the world can be divided into two groups: kshara and akshara. Kshara refers to life with destructible bodies, while akshara refers to indestructible bodies. Laxmi is akshara, while others from Brahma and lower are ksharas or jīvas. Possessing no body, Vishnu is exempt from this classification.

Sri vyasarajaru theerhtaru consolidates dvaita (madhwa philosophy in single sloka

Sriman Madhvamate: Harih Paratarah, Satyam Jagat, Tattvatho Bhedho Jivagana, Hareranucara, Nichoccabhavam gatah |

Muktir Naijasukhanubhutir, Amala Bhaktih Tatsadhanam, Hyakshradi Tritayam Pramanam, Akhilamnayaikavedyo Harih ||

Meaning

Sriman Madhwa Mathe
1 . Harih para tarah – Hari is the Supreme Being.
2 . Satyam Jagat – The world is Real, not Mithya or illusion.
3 . Tatvato Bhedah – Difference is Real.
4 . Jeeva Gana Hare ranu charah – All the Jivas are Hari’s Servants.
5 . Neecho cha bhavam gatah – with gradation among them.
6. Muktirnaija sukhanubhutih – Mukti is the enjoyment of (the soul’s) innate bliss.
7. Amala Bhaktischa tat Sadhanam – pure bhakti is the means of    attaining mukti.
8. Akshadi Tritayam pramanam –  there are three sources to gain knowledge namely :-

  • Knowing things through “Eyes and other Indriya Prathyaksha”,
  • knowing by inference, “Anumana” , and
  • By Shastras ‘Agama”. Tru Knowledge of the world can be gained by the above three means. It is “Tritayam”.

9. Akhilamnaiyaika Vedyo Harih -Lord Sri Hari can be known by Amna (or, Veda) only.

 


Dasara padagalu on dvaita philosophy and taratamya

Satya jagatidu panchabhedavu nitya shri govindana-
krutyavaritu taaratamyadi krushnanadhikendu saarirai
jiva Ishage bheda sarvatra – jiva jivake bhedavu
jiva jadake jadajadake bheda – jiva jada paramaatmage | 1 |
maanushottamaradhika kshitiparu manujadeva gandharvaru
j~jaani pitraajaana karmaja daanavaaritattvesharu | 2 |
ganapa mitranu saptarushigalu vahni naarada varunanu
inajage sama chandra suryaru manusuteyu hechchu pravahanu |3|
daksha sama aniruddha shachi guru rati svayambhuvaraarvaru
praanaginda adhika kaamanu kinchidadhikanu indranu |4|
deva indrage adhika maharudra – deva sama sheshagarudaru
kevala rudra shesha garudage devi hechchu sarasvati |5|
vaayuvige samarilla jagadolu vaayudevare brahmaru
vaayubrahmage koti gunadindadhika shaktalu shriramaa |6|
ananta gunagalindadhika lakumige Adi purandaravithalanu
Ganaru samaru illa jagadolu hanumahrutpadmavaasige |7|


Satata gananaatha siddhiyaniva kaaryadali
mati prerisuvalu paarvatidevi mu-
kutipathake manaviva maharudradevaru hari bha-
kutidaayakalu bhaaratidevi yu-
kuti  shaastragalalli vanajasambhavanarasi
satkarmagala nadesi suj~jaana matiyittu
gati paalisuva namma pavamaananu
chittadali ananda sukavanivalu ramaa bha-
kutajanarodeya namma purandaravitthalanu
satata ivarolu nintu I krutiya nadesuvanu |

Dvaitha · FESTIVALS · MADHWA · Rig veda · sravaana maasa · Upakarma · Yajur veda

Upakarma(in tamil)

There are certain situations where you really cant find a temple or purohit to perform upakarma. here i have uploaded document from shri sudha magazine’s simple upakarma procedure at home. Please find the procedure for rig veda upakarma as well as yajur veda upakarma in tamil

However it is not recommended to perform upakarma every year at home. Whenever possible follow proper procedure and do it with the help of achars.

Upakarma means beginning. And it is considered as the auspicious day for beginning the vedic studies.

Rig veda Upakarma is observed on the day in/on sukla paksha Shravan month which has Shravana nakshatra

Yajur veda upakarma is observed on sravaana maasa hunnime(pournami/full moon day)

Document source: sri sudha tamil magazine


Please follow the links from sumadhwaseva:

Upakarma procedure in kannada
upakarma procedure in english