adhika maasa · MADHWA · vrata

Vratas to observe during Adhikamaasa

some of the vratas which we can observe during adhika maasa:

  1. Nakta Bhojana : Fasting till night and bhojana only at night
  2. Dharana parana : one day upavaasa, next day parana, So 15 days upavasa and 15 days parana
  3. Akanda deepa: Deepa should be lit throughout day and night
  4. Eka bhukta: Before starting to eat food, one has to serve required items in the banana leaf. Till the end, he/she is not allowed to add any other item
  5. Mouna vrata: One should maintain silence during Mala moothra visarjana, Homa pooja kala, while taking bath and while having food.
  6. Laksha batthi
  7. Laksha namaskara
  8. Recitation of stothra / devaranama – 33 times
chathur maasa · MADHWA · vrata

Vratas to observe during chathurmaasa

Mouna vrata: Easiest out of all the vratas. One should maintain silence during Mala moothra visarjana, Homa pooja kala, while taking bath and while having food. It is believed one who is eating food observing mouna(silence), Will get tapas pala of 1000 years

dharana parana vrata: From ashada shukla ekadashi, One should start observing fast on first day, Parana on second day and this process should continue till the end of chathurmaasa. It is believed this vrata was told by Lord krishna to Dharmaraja to get rid of doshas that came to him thru killing his relatives.

akhanda vrata: this vrata should be done on Dashami and Dwadashi. After taking food, he/she should not consume water for the rest of the day(Even fruits/milk)

alavana vrata: Eating food without salt during chathurmaasa

Bheesma panchaka: Start on Karthika ekadashi and remain fasting for continuous five days

Paraaka Vratha: One should do fasting for continuous 12 days. This should be done 3 times to get rid of all sins

Eka bhukta vrata: Before starting to eat food, one has to serve required items in the banana leaf. Till the end, he/she is not allowed to add any other item

chandraayana vrata: This vrata should be done from Ashada shukla paadya to amaavaasye or from Karthika Shukla paadya to amaavaasye. He/she should fast on Amavasya and ekadashi completly. On the first day, take one handful(thutthu) of anna and only 1 cup of water. Next day 2 handful of anna and for the day 3 , Three handful of anna and on the 15th day it would be 15 handful of anna. and on  16th day also, take 15 handful of anna and 17th day reduce to 14 thutthu, and the process should go on by reducing each thutthu one per day. on final amavasya day, do complete fasting

The other method is to take on all the days except Ekadashi and amavasya , 8 thutthu and maximum 8 cups of water

Diksaadhana vratha:  One should do bhojana sitting in different directions per each vrata

Ashada Shukla Dwadashi to Shravana shukla dashami  – East
Shravana Shukla Dwadashi to Bhadrapada shukla dashami  – South
Bhadrapada Shukla Dwadashi to Ashwayuja shukla dashami – West
Ashwayuja Shukla Dwadashi to Kartika Shukhla dashami – North

Gopadma Vrata

Ashoonya Shayana Vratam


chathur maasa · go padma · MADHWA · vrata

Gopadma Vrata

When to perform?

This is the Vrata observed by Sumangalis for 4 months from the first day of Chaatur Maasya Vrata.

Who Taught this vrata?

This was prescribed by Lord Krishna to His sister Subhadra devi.

Where to draw?

Select a place in pooja room or near tulasi and Draw the Go padma with complete dedication and concentration


How to perform?

  • After drawing the Rangoli, Pooja to the figures of Cow, Calf and other Devatas with Arisina, Kunkuma etc., Do Pushpa Archana and Do Sakkare (Sugar) neivedhya
  • Do 33 Pradakshinas and Namaskaras
  • next perform  six Pradakshina and six Namaskara to Mohini. The six Padma Rangoli on the body of the cow represent six Mohini Devatas.
  • Do aarathi
  • Do Arghya separately for first  33  devatas separately:

Arghya mantra Asta dravya samaayuktam swrna paatra sthitam jalam |
arghyam grahaana devesha bhaktaanaam abhayapradam ||

Go Antar-gata, Sakala Devata Antargata Bharati Ramana Mukhya Prana Antargata Sri Gopala Krishnaa-ya Nama-h. (Idam Arghyam)

Then separately perform arghya for 6 mohin devatas in a separate pela.

Bharati Ramana Mukhya Prana Antargata Rukminee Satya Bhama Sameta Sri Krishnaaya Nama-h. (Idam Arghyam)

  • Read Go-Padma Vrata Katha after offering Arghya.
  • Offer Akshata + water in pela, as a mark of Sarva Samarpana. And pray to the Lord to forgive Aparadhas in the performance

What if you are not able to o pooja on one or two days?

  • If you had missed this pooja previously for a day or two due to any reason(illness or periods), you can complete it next day or on any day convenient. The missed days should not exceed seven days.
  • If unable to do this Puja daily, you can do it 2-times next day; 3 times on 3rd day complete the balance in that way. The gap should not exceed 7 days. You can not do tomorrow’s puja today
  • When you do pooja in accumulated fashion, one time arathi and neivadhyam is enough

Why missed days should not exceed 7?

We all know through Bhagavatha Shri Krishna lifted up Govardhana Parvata and held it on his little finger and stood for seven days. Based on this, there is a Niyama that Go-Padma-Pooja should be continued for 7 days and the missed days should not exceed 7 days. If you miss it for any reason, resume puja within 7 days and continue for 7 days.

When it gets completed?

  • Go-Padma Vrata gets concluded on Uth-thaana Dwadasi day.

Dana details:

First year pooja:

  • Payasa Dana is offered that day as a mark of conclusion.
  • Payasa in Kanchina-Lota, with Taamboola, 33 coins Dakshina, Tulasi Dala,Gopi Chanda  and Janivara. Offer it to the Lord first and then to the Brahmana.
  • In this way, first year Pooja is completed.

Second year pooja:

On Uththaana Dwadasi day 2nd year Dana is 33 Adhirasa (cooked in ghee). Offer, this along with the brass plate, with 33 coins Dakshina+Tulasi Dala. Offer it to the Lord first and then to the Brahmana

Third year pooja:

Elai Appam 33

Fourth year pooja:

Four kinds of Laddu all put together 33.

Fifth year pooja:

33 Holige (obbittu), along with the brass plate (every year), In a plaintain with 33 coins. Go-Padma-Vrata is for five years only and it is complete on 5th year

Dana to own Brothers:

One’s own brothers are the first eligible persons to receive the above said Dana. In their absence, give it to other eligible person.

Why Dana to Own Brothers?

  •  This is a Vrata observed by women.
  • Krishna-Preeti is the ultimate aim in this Vrata.
  • Subhadra Devi undertakes this Vrata. The Lord who is our ultimate aim, is the Anna, (the elder brother) of Subhadra.
  •  He is the Anna to each and every woman. Keep this in mind when you give this Dana to your own brother.

Why Sweet Bhakshana Dana?

The dana items are (1) Payasa, (2) Adhirasa, (3) Elai Appam, (4) Laddu and (5) Holige. All these are sweet items liked by young boys.

According to a story in Bhagavata, these are the items which Yagnya Patnis offered to Krishna and his playmates when Yagnya was still going on. (Skandha 10)

Why this number 33 is significant?

The cow (or Go) is our Prat-yaksha Devata. 33 Koti Devatas are present in the cow. We cannot give so much of Danas. As a token, as a symbol, we offer 33 items of Danas with 33 coins.

Ekadashi & Dwadashi:

Only on Ekadashi day, You can draw another  set of Go padma for dwadashi count. But Remember Arghya and Neivedhya should be done only on Dwadashi day. However  Pradakshina and Namaskara can be finished on Ekadashi itself

Go padma vrata story:

Once the beautiful dancer Rambha was dancing in Indra’s cour. Music, dance and everything was perfect and wonderful. Suddenly a drum cracked and the rhythm went wrong. Indra requested Yama, the god of Death, to get the drum reconstructed using the skin of a living being who never practised a vow. So Yama and his men were on the lookout for people on the wrong side of worship. His men came back and told him – Ganga has a rangoli, Gauri has a rangoli, Savitri,anushya, dropuathi, arunthadhi and Sarasvati too. But there is no rangOli at Krishna’s sister Subhadra’s place. He ordered to bring back Subhadra, cut her skin and fit it to a drum.
After waking up in the morning, Krishna went to Subhadra’s house and asked her why she had not drawn a rangoli in front of her house and not observing the vrata.” I have brothers like Indra and Chandra, a husband like Arjuna, parents like Vasudeva and Devaki and of course you, Krishna.Why should I do ? ” Subhadra replied. Krishna told her that inspite of all this, she must draw a rangOli that had the eagle, the feet of Vishnu, Sankha, chakra, mace, lotus, svAstiaka, brindAvana, flute, lute, drum, cow, calf and thirty-three (is it a numerical symbol for the thirty-three crore gods) lotus symbols, Rama’s cradle, Sita’s saree end, tulasi leaf, elephants and guards. This must be drawn in cowsheds, where sacred rivers and ponds are, in front of God’s images and tulasi brindAvana. Then she obtained hard rock from a hill and mixed it with pearls and corals and made powder of them and drew the rangOli. She also offered turmeric, kuMkuma and other offerings. She drew all rangOlis due for five years in just one year.
Subhadra escaped the punishment of gods and they finally found an elephant calf that was sleeping with its head towards north. They took the skin from the back of the animal and made their drums.






chathur maasa · MADHWA · vrata

Chathur Maasa


When is Chathur Maasa?

  • Chaturmasya starts from Ashada Shudda Dwadashi and ends on Kartikha Shudda dashami.
  • chaturmasya comprises of the Hindu lunar months of Shravana, bhadrapada, Ashvayuja and karthIka.

Why should we observe Chathur Maasa?

  • The eleventh day in Ashada Shudda ekadashi(Shayanaikadashi) , is the day that Sri naarayana, even though he is sleepless, hungerless, pretends to sleep, which is termed as “Yoga Nidra”. He sleeps till Karthika Shudda Dwadashi (Uttana Dwadashi)
  • Observing Chaturmasya gets more punya than the other vrathas.
  • Mostly marriages, Upanayana are not done during this period as Sri Narayana is in Yoga Nidra

Who Should observe this Vrata?

  •  Chaturvarnaas(Brahmana, Kshatriya, Shudra, Vaishya)
  • Chatur Ashramas( Brahmachari, Gruhasta, Vanaprasta and Sanyasi)
  • Women even in Menstruation cycle

What is the procedure to Perform this vrata?

  • On Ashada shukla ekadashi (called shayani ekadashi) one should get tapta-mudra-dharane
  • You should take an oath(Sankalpa) on dvadashi that you will observe chaturmasya with the objective of pleasing Lord Hari
  • In the first month you should observe shaka vrata
  • In the second month you should observe dadhi vrata
  • In the third month you should observe kshira vrata
  • In the fourth month you should observe dvidala vrata
  • In case of not able to take tapta mudra dhaarane, Atleast one should try visting Swamiji in Chaathur maasa time and get mudra dhaarane done

Chathur Maasa Sankalpa Mantra:

ವ್ರತಾನಾಂ ವಕ್ಷ್ಯಮಾಣಾನಾಂ ಸನ್ಕಲ್ಪಂ ವಿಧಿವತ್ ಚರೇತ್ |
ನೈಮಿತ್ತಿಕಾನಾಂ ಕಾಮ್ಯಾನಾಂ ನಿತ್ಯಾನಾಂ ಚ ತಥೈವ ಚ ||

Vrataanaam vakshyamaanaanaam sankalpam vidhivat charet |
Naimittikaanaam kaamyaanaam nityaanaam cha tathaiva cha ||

Shaka vratha

  • Ashada Shudda Ekadashi to Shravana Shudda Dashami

Permitted Food items: 

Toor dal, Moong dal, Urad dal, Whole green moong, Sesame seeds, Black pepper, cumin seeds, Jaggery, Rava, wheat flour, Rice flour, Amchur powder, Milk, Yougurt(Curd), butter, Sugar, Mango fruit, Ghee .

Not Permitted:

All vegetables, all leaves(Curry leaves, coriander leaves, spinach), Mustard, Tamarind, Chana dal, Besan, Ginger, Green chillies, lemon, coconut, Red chillies. Oil, chilly powder, Turmeric powder

Shaka Vrata Recipes


ಶಾಕವ್ರತಂ ಮಯಾದೇವ ಗೃಹೀತಂ ಪುರತಸ್ತವ |
ನಿರ್ವಿಘ್ನಂ ಸಿದ್ಧಿಮಾಯಾತು ಪ್ರಸಾದಾತ್ ತವ ಕೇಶವ ||

Shaakavratam mayaadeva gruhitam puratastava |
Nirvignam siddhimaayaatu prasaadaat tava keshava||


ಉಪಾಯಮಿದಂ ದೇವ ವ್ರತಸಂಪೂರ್ತಿ ಹೇತವೇ |
ಶಾಕಂ ತು ದ್ವಿಜವರ್ಯಾಯ ಸಹಿರಣ್ಯಂ ದದಾಮ್ಯಹಂ ||

 Upaayamidam deva vratasampurti hetave |
Shaakam tu dvijavaryaaya sahiranyam dadaamyaham ||

Dadhi Vratha

  • Shravana Shudda Ekadashi to Bhadrapada Shudda Dashami
  • During this period, Curd/Yogurt should not be used in any form or manner while preparing naivedya. However, buttermilk is allowed.


ದಧಿ ಭಾದ್ರಪದೇ ಮಾಸಿ ವರ್ಜಯಿಷ್ಯೇ ಸದಾ ಹರೇ |
ಇಮಂ ಕರಿಷ್ಯೇ ನಿಯಮಂ ನಿರ್ವಿಘ್ನಂ ಕುರು ಕೇಶವ ||

Dadhi bhaadrapade maasi varjayishye sadaa hare |
Imam karishye niyamam nirvignam kuru keshava ||


ಉಪಾಯನಮಿದಂ ದೇವ ವೃತಸಂಪೂರ್ತಿ ಹೇತವೆ |
ದ್ವಿಜವರ್ಯಾಯ ದಾಸ್ಯೇಹಂ ಸಹಿರಣ್ಯಮ್ ಘನಂ ದಧಿ||

Upaayanamidam deva vrutasampurti hetave |
Dvijavaryaaya daasyeham sahiranyam ganam dadhi||

Ksheera Vrata

  • Bhadrapada Shudda Ekadashi to Ashwayuja Shudda Dashami
  • milk should not be used in any form or manner while preparing naivedya. This restriction includes milk derivatives like kene , cheese or other dairy products, but excludes curd


ಕ್ಷೀರವ್ರತಮಿದಂ ದೇವ ಗೃಹೀತಮ್ ಪುರತಸ್ತವ |
ನಿರ್ವಿಘ್ನಂ ಸಿದ್ಧಿಮಾಯಾತುಪ್ರಸಾದಾತ್ ರಮಾಪತೇ ||

Kshiravratamidam deva gruhitam puratastava |
Nirvignam siddhimaayaatuprasaadaat ramaapate ||


ಉಪಾಯನಮಿದಂ ದೇವ ವ್ರುತಸಂಪೂರ್ತಿ ಹೇತವೆ |
ಕ್ಷೀರಂತು ದ್ವಿಜವರ್ಯಾಯ ಸಹಿರಣ್ಯಂ ದದಾಮ್ಯಹಂ |

Upaayanamidam deva vrutasampurti hetave |
Kshiramtu dvijavaryaaya sahiranyam dadaamyaham ||


Dvitala Vrata

  • Ashwayuja Shudda Ekadashi to Karthika Shudda Dashami
  • During this period, one should avoid Dvidalaas and bahu-bija vegetables.
  • Dvidala refers to any seed or vegetable which when broken or fried splits into two halves. Examples of such items are All Dalls
  • Bahu-bija refers to any fruit or vegetable that contains multiple seeds and is covered by an external skin. Examples of such items are apples, grapes, pomegranate, cucumber

Items permitted:

rice, wheat, sesame seeds, black pepper, cumin seeds, coconut, banana, banana flower, suvarnagadde(suran), same gadde, agathi soppu, ginger, Gooseberry, sweet potato, amla powder, all purpose flour, Rava, cracked wheat, ghee, sugar, amchur powder, mango

Dwitala Vrata Recipes

Items not permitted:

All dhals, red or green chillies, fenugreek seeds, tamarind, coriander leaves and all vegetables mentioned than the permitted ones


ಕಾರ್ತಿಕೇ ದ್ವಿದಳಂ ಧಾನ್ಯಂ ವರ್ಜಯಿಷ್ಯೇ ಸದಾ ಹರೇ|
ಇಮಂ ಕರಿಷ್ಯೇ ನಿಯಮಂ ನಿರ್ವಿಘ್ನಂ ಕುರು ಕೇಶವ ||

Kaartike dvidalam dhaanyam varjayishye sadaa hare|
Imam karishye niyamam nirvignam kuru keshava ||


ಉಪಾಯನಮಿದಂ ದೇವ ವ್ರತಸಂಪೂರ್ತಿ ಹೇತವೇ |
ದ್ವಿದಳಂ ದ್ವಿಜವರ್ಯಾಯ ಸಹಿರಣ್ಯಂ ದದಾಮ್ಯಹಂ ||

Upaayanamidam deva vratasampurti hetave |
Dvidalam dvijavaryaaya sahiranyam dadaamyaham ||

How to end Chathur Maasa?

After completion of Dwidala vratha, i.e.., on Kartika Shudda Ekadashi, we have to give daana of dvidala dhaanyaas, vegetables, fruits, to brahmana with dakshine and say Krishnarpanamastu

ಅನಿರುದ್ಧ ನಮಸ್ತುಭ್ಯಂ ದ್ವಿದಳಾಖ್ಯವ್ರತೇನ ಚ |
ಮತ್ಕತೇನಾಶ್ವಿನೇ ಮಾಸಿ ಪ್ರೀತ್ಯರ್ಥಂ ಫಲದೋ ಭವ ||

ಇದಂ ವ್ರತಂ ಮಯಾ ದೇವ ಕೃತಂ ಪ್ರೀತ್ಯೈ ತವ ಪ್ರಭೋ |
ನ್ಯೂನಂ ಸಂಪೂರ್ಣತಾಂ ಯಾತು ತ್ವತ್ಪ್ರಸಾದಾತ್ ಜನಾರ್ಧನ||

Aniruddha namastubhyam dvidalaakyavratena cha |
Matkrutenaashvine maasi prityartham phalado bhava ||

Idam vratam mayaa deva krutam prityai tava prabho |
Nyunam sampurnataam yaatu tvatprasaadaat janaardhana||

On dvadashi one should perform pooja to an idol of Lord Lakshmi Damodara and donate this vigraha to elgible married couple.

Chant the following mantra while doing the damodara pooja

Deva deva, jagannatha, lakshmi damodara prabho.
Chaturmasye tvayajnaptah, krutva vrata chatushtayam|
Bhavannmurtim pradasyami tvat prasadabhikankshaya||

Please find other useful links here:

||Sri Krishnarpanamasthu||