chathur maasa · MADHWA · vrata

Chathur Maasa

 

When is Chathur Maasa?

  • Chaturmasya starts from Ashada Shudda Dwadashi and ends on Kartikha Shudda dashami.
  • chaturmasya comprises of the Hindu lunar months of Shravana, bhadrapada, Ashvayuja and karthIka.

Why should we observe Chathur Maasa?

  • The eleventh day in Ashada Shudda ekadashi(Shayanaikadashi) , is the day that Sri naarayana, even though he is sleepless, hungerless, pretends to sleep, which is termed as “Yoga Nidra”. He sleeps till Karthika Shudda Dwadashi (Uttana Dwadashi)
  • Observing Chaturmasya gets more punya than the other vrathas.
  • Mostly marriages, Upanayana are not done during this period as Sri Narayana is in Yoga Nidra

Who Should observe this Vrata?

  •  Chaturvarnaas(Brahmana, Kshatriya, Shudra, Vaishya)
  • Chatur Ashramas( Brahmachari, Gruhasta, Vanaprasta and Sanyasi)
  • Women even in Menstruation cycle

What is the procedure to Perform this vrata?

  • On Ashada shukla ekadashi (called shayani ekadashi) one should get tapta-mudra-dharane
  • You should take an oath(Sankalpa) on dvadashi that you will observe chaturmasya with the objective of pleasing Lord Hari
  • In the first month you should observe shaka vrata
  • In the second month you should observe dadhi vrata
  • In the third month you should observe kshira vrata
  • In the fourth month you should observe dvidala vrata
  • In case of not able to take tapta mudra dhaarane, Atleast one should try visting Swamiji in Chaathur maasa time and get mudra dhaarane done

Chathur Maasa Sankalpa Mantra:

ವ್ರತಾನಾಂ ವಕ್ಷ್ಯಮಾಣಾನಾಂ ಸನ್ಕಲ್ಪಂ ವಿಧಿವತ್ ಚರೇತ್ |
ನೈಮಿತ್ತಿಕಾನಾಂ ಕಾಮ್ಯಾನಾಂ ನಿತ್ಯಾನಾಂ ಚ ತಥೈವ ಚ ||

Vrataanaam vakshyamaanaanaam sankalpam vidhivat charet |
Naimittikaanaam kaamyaanaam nityaanaam cha tathaiva cha ||


Shaka vratha

  • Ashada Shudda Ekadashi to Shravana Shudda Dashami

Permitted Food items: 

Toor dal, Moong dal, Urad dal, Whole green moong, Sesame seeds, Black pepper, cumin seeds, Jaggery, Rava, wheat flour, Rice flour, Amchur powder, Milk, Yougurt(Curd), butter, Sugar, Mango fruit, Ghee .

Not Permitted:

All vegetables, all leaves(Curry leaves, coriander leaves, spinach), Mustard, Tamarind, Chana dal, Besan, Ginger, Green chillies, lemon, coconut, Red chillies. Oil, chilly powder, Turmeric powder

Shaka Vrata Recipes

Sankalpa

ಶಾಕವ್ರತಂ ಮಯಾದೇವ ಗೃಹೀತಂ ಪುರತಸ್ತವ |
ನಿರ್ವಿಘ್ನಂ ಸಿದ್ಧಿಮಾಯಾತು ಪ್ರಸಾದಾತ್ ತವ ಕೇಶವ ||

Shaakavratam mayaadeva gruhitam puratastava |
Nirvignam siddhimaayaatu prasaadaat tava keshava||

Samarpana

ಉಪಾಯಮಿದಂ ದೇವ ವ್ರತಸಂಪೂರ್ತಿ ಹೇತವೇ |
ಶಾಕಂ ತು ದ್ವಿಜವರ್ಯಾಯ ಸಹಿರಣ್ಯಂ ದದಾಮ್ಯಹಂ ||

 Upaayamidam deva vratasampurti hetave |
Shaakam tu dvijavaryaaya sahiranyam dadaamyaham ||


Dadhi Vratha

  • Shravana Shudda Ekadashi to Bhadrapada Shudda Dashami
  • During this period, Curd/Yogurt should not be used in any form or manner while preparing naivedya. However, buttermilk is allowed.

Sankalpa:

ದಧಿ ಭಾದ್ರಪದೇ ಮಾಸಿ ವರ್ಜಯಿಷ್ಯೇ ಸದಾ ಹರೇ |
ಇಮಂ ಕರಿಷ್ಯೇ ನಿಯಮಂ ನಿರ್ವಿಘ್ನಂ ಕುರು ಕೇಶವ ||

Dadhi bhaadrapade maasi varjayishye sadaa hare |
Imam karishye niyamam nirvignam kuru keshava ||

Samarpana:

ಉಪಾಯನಮಿದಂ ದೇವ ವೃತಸಂಪೂರ್ತಿ ಹೇತವೆ |
ದ್ವಿಜವರ್ಯಾಯ ದಾಸ್ಯೇಹಂ ಸಹಿರಣ್ಯಮ್ ಘನಂ ದಧಿ||

Upaayanamidam deva vrutasampurti hetave |
Dvijavaryaaya daasyeham sahiranyam ganam dadhi||


Ksheera Vrata

  • Bhadrapada Shudda Ekadashi to Ashwayuja Shudda Dashami
  • milk should not be used in any form or manner while preparing naivedya. This restriction includes milk derivatives like kene , cheese or other dairy products, but excludes curd

Sankalpa

ಕ್ಷೀರವ್ರತಮಿದಂ ದೇವ ಗೃಹೀತಮ್ ಪುರತಸ್ತವ |
ನಿರ್ವಿಘ್ನಂ ಸಿದ್ಧಿಮಾಯಾತುಪ್ರಸಾದಾತ್ ರಮಾಪತೇ ||

Kshiravratamidam deva gruhitam puratastava |
Nirvignam siddhimaayaatuprasaadaat ramaapate ||

Samarpana

ಉಪಾಯನಮಿದಂ ದೇವ ವ್ರುತಸಂಪೂರ್ತಿ ಹೇತವೆ |
ಕ್ಷೀರಂತು ದ್ವಿಜವರ್ಯಾಯ ಸಹಿರಣ್ಯಂ ದದಾಮ್ಯಹಂ |

Upaayanamidam deva vrutasampurti hetave |
Kshiramtu dvijavaryaaya sahiranyam dadaamyaham ||


 

Dvitala Vrata

  • Ashwayuja Shudda Ekadashi to Karthika Shudda Dashami
  • During this period, one should avoid Dvidalaas and bahu-bija vegetables.
  • Dvidala refers to any seed or vegetable which when broken or fried splits into two halves. Examples of such items are All Dalls
  • Bahu-bija refers to any fruit or vegetable that contains multiple seeds and is covered by an external skin. Examples of such items are apples, grapes, pomegranate, cucumber

Items permitted:

rice, wheat, sesame seeds, black pepper, cumin seeds, coconut, banana, banana flower, suvarnagadde(suran), same gadde, agathi soppu, ginger, Gooseberry, sweet potato, amla powder, all purpose flour, Rava, cracked wheat, ghee, sugar, amchur powder, mango

Dwitala Vrata Recipes

Items not permitted:

All dhals, red or green chillies, fenugreek seeds, tamarind, coriander leaves and all vegetables mentioned than the permitted ones

Sankalpa

ಕಾರ್ತಿಕೇ ದ್ವಿದಳಂ ಧಾನ್ಯಂ ವರ್ಜಯಿಷ್ಯೇ ಸದಾ ಹರೇ|
ಇಮಂ ಕರಿಷ್ಯೇ ನಿಯಮಂ ನಿರ್ವಿಘ್ನಂ ಕುರು ಕೇಶವ ||

Kaartike dvidalam dhaanyam varjayishye sadaa hare|
Imam karishye niyamam nirvignam kuru keshava ||

Samarpana

ಉಪಾಯನಮಿದಂ ದೇವ ವ್ರತಸಂಪೂರ್ತಿ ಹೇತವೇ |
ದ್ವಿದಳಂ ದ್ವಿಜವರ್ಯಾಯ ಸಹಿರಣ್ಯಂ ದದಾಮ್ಯಹಂ ||

Upaayanamidam deva vratasampurti hetave |
Dvidalam dvijavaryaaya sahiranyam dadaamyaham ||


How to end Chathur Maasa?

After completion of Dwidala vratha, i.e.., on Kartika Shudda Ekadashi, we have to give daana of dvidala dhaanyaas, vegetables, fruits, to brahmana with dakshine and say Krishnarpanamastu

ಅನಿರುದ್ಧ ನಮಸ್ತುಭ್ಯಂ ದ್ವಿದಳಾಖ್ಯವ್ರತೇನ ಚ |
ಮತ್ಕತೇನಾಶ್ವಿನೇ ಮಾಸಿ ಪ್ರೀತ್ಯರ್ಥಂ ಫಲದೋ ಭವ ||

ಇದಂ ವ್ರತಂ ಮಯಾ ದೇವ ಕೃತಂ ಪ್ರೀತ್ಯೈ ತವ ಪ್ರಭೋ |
ನ್ಯೂನಂ ಸಂಪೂರ್ಣತಾಂ ಯಾತು ತ್ವತ್ಪ್ರಸಾದಾತ್ ಜನಾರ್ಧನ||

Aniruddha namastubhyam dvidalaakyavratena cha |
Matkrutenaashvine maasi prityartham phalado bhava ||

Idam vratam mayaa deva krutam prityai tava prabho |
Nyunam sampurnataam yaatu tvatprasaadaat janaardhana||

On dvadashi one should perform pooja to an idol of Lord Lakshmi Damodara and donate this vigraha to elgible married couple.

Chant the following mantra while doing the damodara pooja

Deva deva, jagannatha, lakshmi damodara prabho.
Chaturmasye tvayajnaptah, krutva vrata chatushtayam|
Bhavannmurtim pradasyami tvat prasadabhikankshaya||

Please find other useful links here:

||Sri Krishnarpanamasthu||

adhika maasa · chathur maasa · DEVOTIONAL · everyday · FESTIVALS · MADHWA · POOJA

Madhwa Festivals and Months

This is my 200th post 🙂 As a special milestone, I am blogging a handy calendar or checklist for the important festivals in every month paksha wise and some important concepts in Madhwa calendar including chaathur Maasa and Adhika Maasa

Pitru paksha begins

Month/Maasa Maasa niyamaka Paksha Thithi Festival/event
Chaitra Padmini – Vishnu Shukla Pratipat Ugadi
Tritiya Shri matsya jayanthi
Navami Rama Navami
Purnima Hanuman Jayanti
Vaishaka snana begins
Krishna Chathurdashi Shri varaha jayanthi
Vaishaka Kamalalaya – Madhusudhana Shukla Tritiya Akshaya Trutiya
Shri parasurama jayanthi
Chaturdashi Narasimha Jayanti
Dasami Srinivasa kalyana
Trayodashi Veda Vyasa Jayanti
Pournima Shri kurma Jayanthi
Vaishaka snana ends
Jyeshta Ramaa – Trivikrama Shukla Dashami Bhageerathi Jayathi
Pournami Vata savithri vrata
Ashaada Vrushakapi – vamana Shukla Ekadashi Chathur masa beginning
Amavasya Deepa sthamba pooja
Shravana* Dhanya  – Sridhara Shukla Chaturthi Naga Chathurthi
Panchami Naga Panchami
Sukravara(Friday) Varalakshmi vrata
Shravana Nakshathra Rig veda upakarma
Pournami Yajur veda upakarma
Hayagreeve jayanthi
Krishna Ashtami Krishna Jayanthi
Bhadrapada Vruddhi – Hrishiskesha Shukla Dhvithiya Shri varaha and Dhanvanthri jayanthi
Tritiya Swarna gowri vrata
Chathurthi Ganesha chathurthi
Panchami Rishi Panchami
Dwadasi Vamana jayanthi
Chathurdashi Ananta chathurdashi
Krishna Prathima
Amavasya Mahalaya Amavasya
Ashwija Yagna – Padmanabha Shukla Prathama Navrathri begins
Saptami Saraswathy Pooja begins
Ashtami Durgashtami
Navami Ayudha Pooja
Dashami Madhva jayanthi/Vijaya dasami
Pournima Karthika snana begins
Krishna Chathurdashi Naraka chathurdashi
Amavasya Deepavali/Laxmi Pooja
Karthika Indira – Damodhara Shukla Pratipat Bali padyami
Dvadashi Tulasi vivaha
Pournima Karthiga snana ends
Dhathri Havana
Margashira Shri – Kesahva Shukla Shasti Subramanya Shashti
Ekadashi Geetha Jayanthi
Ashtami Bhima jayanthi
Dhanur Sankarshana     Laxmi Narayana Pooja
Pousha Laxmi Narayana Shukla Pournami Magha snana begins
Maagha Kamala – Madhava Shukla Sapthami Ratha sapthami
Ashtami Bheesmastami
Navami Madhva Navami
Pournima Magha snana ends
Phalguna Padma – Govinda Shukla Pournami Holi

*On Every Tuesday of Shravana Maasa, Married ladies for the first five years after wedding should do  Mangala Gowri Pooja
Chathur Maasya:

 These four months are said to be pleasing to Lord Sri Maha Vishnu when He enters into Yoga Nidra (Divine slumber) on Aashada Sukla Ekadasi day called Deva Sayani or Hari Sayani Ekadasi.and He gets up from Yoga Nidra on Kartheeka Sukla Dwadasi day called Uttana Dwadasi.

  1. SHAKA VRATHA – Ashada Shudda Ekadashi to Shravana Shudda Dashami
  2. DADHI VRATHA -Shravana Shudda Ekadashi to Bhadrapada Shudda Dashami
  3. KSHEERA VRATHA – Bhadrapada Shudda Ekadashi to Ashwayuja Shudda Dashami
  4. DVIDALA VRATHA – Ashwayuja Shudda Ekadashi to Karthika Shudda Dashami

Dakshinayana and Uttarayana:

  • Uttarayana starts on Makara Sankramana Day, usually January 14 or 15th and Dakshinayana starts usually on July 15th or 16th.
  • Starting from Makara (Capricorn) up to Mithuna (Gemini), the travel of Sun is called as Uttarayana and starting from Karkataka (Cancer) up to Dhanus (Sagittarius) it is known as Dakshinayana.
  • It is believed and said that Uttarayana represents Devathas and Dakshinayana represents Pithrus.
  • It is also said that Uttarayana is the day time and Dakshinayana is the night time for devathas.That is one human year is equal to one day for devathas

Adhika Maasa:

Adhika Masa is the thirteenth month in a Calender year followed by Lunar Calender,i.e., Chandramana reethya.

The concept of adding one extra month after every 33 months is known as Adhika Masa.

Maasa Niyamaka: Purushotthama

Mannenethina Amavasya