chathur maasa · MADHWA · vrata

Chathur Maasa

 

When is Chathur Maasa?

  • Chaturmasya starts from Ashada Shudda Dwadashi and ends on Kartikha Shudda dashami.
  • chaturmasya comprises of the Hindu lunar months of Shravana, bhadrapada, Ashvayuja and karthIka.

Why should we observe Chathur Maasa?

  • The eleventh day in Ashada Shudda ekadashi(Shayanaikadashi) , is the day that Sri naarayana, even though he is sleepless, hungerless, pretends to sleep, which is termed as “Yoga Nidra”. He sleeps till Karthika Shudda Dwadashi (Uttana Dwadashi)
  • Observing Chaturmasya gets more punya than the other vrathas.
  • Mostly marriages, Upanayana are not done during this period as Sri Narayana is in Yoga Nidra

Who Should observe this Vrata?

  •  Chaturvarnaas(Brahmana, Kshatriya, Shudra, Vaishya)
  • Chatur Ashramas( Brahmachari, Gruhasta, Vanaprasta and Sanyasi)
  • Women even in Menstruation cycle

What is the procedure to Perform this vrata?

  • On Ashada shukla ekadashi (called shayani ekadashi) one should get tapta-mudra-dharane
  • You should take an oath(Sankalpa) on dvadashi that you will observe chaturmasya with the objective of pleasing Lord Hari
  • In the first month you should observe shaka vrata
  • In the second month you should observe dadhi vrata
  • In the third month you should observe kshira vrata
  • In the fourth month you should observe dvidala vrata
  • In case of not able to take tapta mudra dhaarane, Atleast one should try visting Swamiji in Chaathur maasa time and get mudra dhaarane done

Chathur Maasa Sankalpa Mantra:

ವ್ರತಾನಾಂ ವಕ್ಷ್ಯಮಾಣಾನಾಂ ಸನ್ಕಲ್ಪಂ ವಿಧಿವತ್ ಚರೇತ್ |
ನೈಮಿತ್ತಿಕಾನಾಂ ಕಾಮ್ಯಾನಾಂ ನಿತ್ಯಾನಾಂ ಚ ತಥೈವ ಚ ||

Vrataanaam vakshyamaanaanaam sankalpam vidhivat charet |
Naimittikaanaam kaamyaanaam nityaanaam cha tathaiva cha ||


Shaka vratha

  • Ashada Shudda Ekadashi to Shravana Shudda Dashami

Permitted Food items: 

Toor dal, Moong dal, Urad dal, Whole green moong, Sesame seeds, Black pepper, cumin seeds, Jaggery, Rava, wheat flour, Rice flour, Amchur powder, Milk, Yougurt(Curd), butter, Sugar, Mango fruit, Ghee .

Not Permitted:

All vegetables, all leaves(Curry leaves, coriander leaves, spinach), Mustard, Tamarind, Chana dal, Besan, Ginger, Green chillies, lemon, coconut, Red chillies. Oil, chilly powder, Turmeric powder

Shaka Vrata Recipes

Sankalpa

ಶಾಕವ್ರತಂ ಮಯಾದೇವ ಗೃಹೀತಂ ಪುರತಸ್ತವ |
ನಿರ್ವಿಘ್ನಂ ಸಿದ್ಧಿಮಾಯಾತು ಪ್ರಸಾದಾತ್ ತವ ಕೇಶವ ||

Shaakavratam mayaadeva gruhitam puratastava |
Nirvignam siddhimaayaatu prasaadaat tava keshava||

Samarpana

ಉಪಾಯಮಿದಂ ದೇವ ವ್ರತಸಂಪೂರ್ತಿ ಹೇತವೇ |
ಶಾಕಂ ತು ದ್ವಿಜವರ್ಯಾಯ ಸಹಿರಣ್ಯಂ ದದಾಮ್ಯಹಂ ||

 Upaayamidam deva vratasampurti hetave |
Shaakam tu dvijavaryaaya sahiranyam dadaamyaham ||


Dadhi Vratha

  • Shravana Shudda Ekadashi to Bhadrapada Shudda Dashami
  • During this period, Curd/Yogurt should not be used in any form or manner while preparing naivedya. However, buttermilk is allowed.

Sankalpa:

ದಧಿ ಭಾದ್ರಪದೇ ಮಾಸಿ ವರ್ಜಯಿಷ್ಯೇ ಸದಾ ಹರೇ |
ಇಮಂ ಕರಿಷ್ಯೇ ನಿಯಮಂ ನಿರ್ವಿಘ್ನಂ ಕುರು ಕೇಶವ ||

Dadhi bhaadrapade maasi varjayishye sadaa hare |
Imam karishye niyamam nirvignam kuru keshava ||

Samarpana:

ಉಪಾಯನಮಿದಂ ದೇವ ವೃತಸಂಪೂರ್ತಿ ಹೇತವೆ |
ದ್ವಿಜವರ್ಯಾಯ ದಾಸ್ಯೇಹಂ ಸಹಿರಣ್ಯಮ್ ಘನಂ ದಧಿ||

Upaayanamidam deva vrutasampurti hetave |
Dvijavaryaaya daasyeham sahiranyam ganam dadhi||


Ksheera Vrata

  • Bhadrapada Shudda Ekadashi to Ashwayuja Shudda Dashami
  • milk should not be used in any form or manner while preparing naivedya. This restriction includes milk derivatives like kene , cheese or other dairy products, but excludes curd

Sankalpa

ಕ್ಷೀರವ್ರತಮಿದಂ ದೇವ ಗೃಹೀತಮ್ ಪುರತಸ್ತವ |
ನಿರ್ವಿಘ್ನಂ ಸಿದ್ಧಿಮಾಯಾತುಪ್ರಸಾದಾತ್ ರಮಾಪತೇ ||

Kshiravratamidam deva gruhitam puratastava |
Nirvignam siddhimaayaatuprasaadaat ramaapate ||

Samarpana

ಉಪಾಯನಮಿದಂ ದೇವ ವ್ರುತಸಂಪೂರ್ತಿ ಹೇತವೆ |
ಕ್ಷೀರಂತು ದ್ವಿಜವರ್ಯಾಯ ಸಹಿರಣ್ಯಂ ದದಾಮ್ಯಹಂ |

Upaayanamidam deva vrutasampurti hetave |
Kshiramtu dvijavaryaaya sahiranyam dadaamyaham ||


 

Dvitala Vrata

  • Ashwayuja Shudda Ekadashi to Karthika Shudda Dashami
  • During this period, one should avoid Dvidalaas and bahu-bija vegetables.
  • Dvidala refers to any seed or vegetable which when broken or fried splits into two halves. Examples of such items are All Dalls
  • Bahu-bija refers to any fruit or vegetable that contains multiple seeds and is covered by an external skin. Examples of such items are apples, grapes, pomegranate, cucumber

Items permitted:

rice, wheat, sesame seeds, black pepper, cumin seeds, coconut, banana, banana flower, suvarnagadde(suran), same gadde, agathi soppu, ginger, Gooseberry, sweet potato, amla powder, all purpose flour, Rava, cracked wheat, ghee, sugar, amchur powder, mango

Dwitala Vrata Recipes

Items not permitted:

All dhals, red or green chillies, fenugreek seeds, tamarind, coriander leaves and all vegetables mentioned than the permitted ones

Sankalpa

ಕಾರ್ತಿಕೇ ದ್ವಿದಳಂ ಧಾನ್ಯಂ ವರ್ಜಯಿಷ್ಯೇ ಸದಾ ಹರೇ|
ಇಮಂ ಕರಿಷ್ಯೇ ನಿಯಮಂ ನಿರ್ವಿಘ್ನಂ ಕುರು ಕೇಶವ ||

Kaartike dvidalam dhaanyam varjayishye sadaa hare|
Imam karishye niyamam nirvignam kuru keshava ||

Samarpana

ಉಪಾಯನಮಿದಂ ದೇವ ವ್ರತಸಂಪೂರ್ತಿ ಹೇತವೇ |
ದ್ವಿದಳಂ ದ್ವಿಜವರ್ಯಾಯ ಸಹಿರಣ್ಯಂ ದದಾಮ್ಯಹಂ ||

Upaayanamidam deva vratasampurti hetave |
Dvidalam dvijavaryaaya sahiranyam dadaamyaham ||


How to end Chathur Maasa?

After completion of Dwidala vratha, i.e.., on Kartika Shudda Ekadashi, we have to give daana of dvidala dhaanyaas, vegetables, fruits, to brahmana with dakshine and say Krishnarpanamastu

ಅನಿರುದ್ಧ ನಮಸ್ತುಭ್ಯಂ ದ್ವಿದಳಾಖ್ಯವ್ರತೇನ ಚ |
ಮತ್ಕತೇನಾಶ್ವಿನೇ ಮಾಸಿ ಪ್ರೀತ್ಯರ್ಥಂ ಫಲದೋ ಭವ ||

ಇದಂ ವ್ರತಂ ಮಯಾ ದೇವ ಕೃತಂ ಪ್ರೀತ್ಯೈ ತವ ಪ್ರಭೋ |
ನ್ಯೂನಂ ಸಂಪೂರ್ಣತಾಂ ಯಾತು ತ್ವತ್ಪ್ರಸಾದಾತ್ ಜನಾರ್ಧನ||

Aniruddha namastubhyam dvidalaakyavratena cha |
Matkrutenaashvine maasi prityartham phalado bhava ||

Idam vratam mayaa deva krutam prityai tava prabho |
Nyunam sampurnataam yaatu tvatprasaadaat janaardhana||

On dvadashi one should perform pooja to an idol of Lord Lakshmi Damodara and donate this vigraha to elgible married couple.

Chant the following mantra while doing the damodara pooja

Deva deva, jagannatha, lakshmi damodara prabho.
Chaturmasye tvayajnaptah, krutva vrata chatushtayam|
Bhavannmurtim pradasyami tvat prasadabhikankshaya||

Please find other useful links here:

||Sri Krishnarpanamasthu||

MADHWA · POOJA · shodasha upachara pooja

what is Shodasha upachara puja?

For any festival, Shodasha upachara pooja is a must ritual in any pooja. It is a step by step procedure need to be followed properly.

“Shodasa Upacahar” is a complete process of performing the rituals of pooja, the worship. Upachar means service; there are 16 upachars to be executed for worship.

1. Dhyanam (prayer)

Dhyanam is reciting a short prayer specific to god that one worships and engage our mind into lotus feet of that god.

2. Avahanam(invocation)

Inviting the worshipped God or Goddess to come into the place of worship or idol by chanting the Vedic verse or slokas similar like you are inviting a lovely guest to your home.

3. Aaasanam (offering seating)

Offering the worshipped God a seat.

4. Paadyam (washing of feet)

Wash the feet of God by pouring water at His feet.

5. Arghyam (washing of hands)

Water is offered to the deity to wash hands.

6. Aachamana, (Offering water to drink)

Water is offered to drink with the chanting of the relevant vedic mantra.

7. Snanam (bathing with water or panchamruthas)

Sprinkle water on God as if giving Him bath. In a detailed pooja, bath God with panchamrutham (Milk, Yoghurt, Ghee, Honey, Sugar, Coconut Water, Fruit Juice, Sandal Powder, Turmeric one at a time). This is followed by bath with fresh water

8. Vastram (new clothes), Abharana

Offer new clothes, Jewellery. This is the phase you will decorate idol or photo with gajavashtra

9. Yajnopavitam (sacred thread)

Offer Yajnopaveetham(sacred thread/flower/akshathas).

10. Gandham (sandal paste)

Place sandalwood paste on the forehead of God.

11. Archana (flowers)

Glorify God by reciting His 108 names, and offer one flower or a petal at a time.

12. Dhoopam (incense)

Show incense to God.

13. Deepam (Oil lamp)

Show oil lamp to God.  It also symbolizes bringing of light into one’s place and life.

14. Naivedyam (offering of specially prepared food).

Offer specially prepared food to God. This food must be prepared cleanly in separate utensils, other than in what we eat, and without tasting beforehand.

15. Tamboolam (offering Betel Leaves and Betel nuts)

Betel leaves and betel nuts are offered to God after the Naivedhyam. After delicious food, it is the practice to offer betel leaves for proper digestion.

16. Neerajanam

It is again customary that in every auspicious occasion aarati is offered to the deity. This is an important and auspicious occasion as Lord himself has come home, so with utmost devotion offer “Aarati” to the Lord.